“Navarre’s contribution to the international commitment to combat climate change”. From the outset, the roadmap expresses Navarre’s commitment to combat climate change. It will be implemented as part of shared initiatives within the framework of international agreements.
It starts with a PRESENTATION and continues with the INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN FRAMEWORK (Chapter 1). According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), greenhouse gas emissions derived from human activities are the most probable principal cause of the global climate changes that are occurring. The Paris agreement proposes to limit the average increase in the temperature of the planet to 2ºC by the end of the century, with respect to pre-industrial levels.
NAVARRE’S STARTING POINT (Chapter 2). Recently, the challenge of climate change in Navarre has been gradually included in various sectoral plans, mainly in the areas of energy, waste and the primary agricultural sector. Greenhouse gas emission levels have generally been on a downward trajectory, showing a 22% reduction in the last year (2015) compared with 2005, although with a recent tendency to rise. As regards adaptation, this represents a challenge for improvement, as contained in this HCCN (HOJA DE RUTA CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO DE NAVARRA).
THE OBJECTIVES, VISION AND PRINCIPLES OF THE HCCN (Chapter 3). Following the international guidelines established regarding mitigation objectives Navarre undertakes to reduce its total greenhouse gas emissions by 35% by 2020 and 45% by 2030, compared with the levels of 2005. It is carrying out actions to mitigate energy sectors, in close connection with Navarre’s 2030 Energy Plan and also to mitigate non-energy sectors, especially the primary and waste sectors, related to the Rural Development Plan (Plan de Desarrollo Rural, PDR) and the Navarre Waste Plan (Plan de Residuos de Navarra, PRN).
These actions are based on the study of greenhouse gas emission forecasts for 2030. On the one hand, the study analyses the evolution of greenhouse gas emissions up until the present date, and on the other hand, it looks at how they would evolve if no action was taken. A third perspective estimates the evolution of emissions taking into account the measures set forth in the roadmap.
The HCCN’s adaptation target is to make Navarre a territory that is “resilient” to the effects of climate change. This means adapting its social systems and, where possible, its ecosystems to the predicted changes as well as their effects and impacts.
In terms of Vision, “Navarre commits to sustainability and the fight against climate change, towards new socio-economic and energy models with a low-carbon economy adapted to climatic effects. It seeks to be a reference point for sustainable development, an environmentally responsible territory that uses resources efficiently, balancing between people, their activities and the way in which they are sustained, in line with the Smart Specialisation Strategy.”