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Calidad del aire: acuerdo sobre unos límites más estrictos para las emisiones contaminantes

Sector: 

  • Energía
  • Medio ambiente, agricultura y desarrollo rural

El 30 de junio de 2016, el Consejo y el Parlamento Europeo han alcanzado un acuerdo provisional sobre una Directiva para reducir las emisiones de contaminantes atmosféricos. La nueva «Directiva TNC» fija unos límites nacionales más restrictivosdesde 2020 hasta 2029, y a partir de 2030 en adelante.

Se trata de incidir en mayor medida en los riesgos para la salud y en las consecuencias sobre el medio ambiente que plantea la contaminación de la atmósfera. Otro de sus objetivos es adaptar la legislación comunitaria a los compromisos internacionales contraídos a raíz de la revisión del Protocolo de Gotemburgo en 2012.

Contaminantes

La nueva Directiva TNC fija unos límites nacionales para las emisiones de cinco contaminantes: dióxido de azufre, óxidos de nitrógeno, compuestos orgánicos volátiles, amoníaco y partículas finas.

Límites nacionales de emisiones

Los límites nacionales de emisiones para cada contaminante de 2020 a 2029 son idénticos a aquellos a los que los Estados miembros ya se comprometieron en elProtocolo de Gotemburgo revisado. Ahora se han aprobado unas reducciones más estrictas a partir de 2030.

Con los nuevos compromisos, se estima que los efectos de la contaminación atmosférica sobre la salud se reducirán en 2030 alrededor del 50% con respecto a 2005.

Niveles de emisiones para 2025

Para cada Estado miembro se determinarán los niveles de emisiones indicativos para 2025, basándose en una trayectoria lineal respecto de los límites de emisiones que se aplicarán a partir de 2030. Pero los Estados miembros tendrán la posibilidad de seguir una trayectoria no lineal si esta es más eficiente.

Si los Estados miembros se apartan de la trayectoria prevista, deberán exponer las razones y explicar las medidas que tienen intención de adoptar para corregir el rumbo.

Flexibilidad

En determinadas circunstancias se prevé cierta flexibilidad para respetar los límites. Por ejemplo, si un año un Estado miembro no puede cumplir su compromiso debido a un invierno excepcionalmente frío o un verano excesivamente seco, tendrá la posibilidad de promediar las emisiones de ese año con las de los años anterior y posterior.

Calendario y siguientes etapas

La Comisión presentó su propuesta en diciembre de 2013, como parte del conjunto legislativo sobre calidad del aire. Este expediente sigue el procedimiento legislativo ordinario. El Parlamento Europeo votó su posición sobre la directiva propuesta en octubre de 2015. El Consejo aprobó una orientación general en diciembre de 2015. La directiva debe ser adoptada por el Consejo por mayoría cualificada.

En junio de 2016, el texto transaccional propuesto por la Presidencia del Consejo fue apoyado por el Coreper. El 30 de junio, el texto fue aceptado en principio por el Parlamento Europeo.

Está previsto que el Parlamento Europeo vote en otoño. A continuación, el texto se someterá al Consejo para su adopción final en primera lectura.

Leer la noticia completa en el siguiente enlace: http://www.consilium.europa.eu/es/press/press-releases/2016/06/30-air-quality/

2016 Call for Proposals for LIFE Action Grants is Open

Sector: 

  • Medio ambiente, agricultura y desarrollo rural

The 2016 call for proposals for LIFE Action Grants is open and the European Commission invites legal entities registered in the European Union to present their applications before September 2016. The LIFE programme is an EU funding instrument for the environment and climate action whose objective is to contribute to the implementation, updating and development of EU environmental and climate policy and legislation by co-financing projects that can help to improve citizen’s lifestyle in EU cities and regions.

The call covers proposals for both LIFE sub-programmes: Environment and Climate. Public bodies, private commercial organisations and private non-commercial organisations (including NGOs) are the three groups of beneficiaries that can apply for 2016 LIFE Action Grants.

If you want to present your application, please note that you have to use LIFE 2016 applications packages (in English) for the preparation of your proposal. Each application package will give you full and detailed explanations regarding eligibility, procedures, co-financing rates and other relevant details.

Depending on the sub-programme, the call will cover action grants for Traditional projects, Preparatory projects, Integrated projects or Technical Assistance projects.

For further information on the 2016 LIFE call for proposals and to download the applications packages, click here.

Leer noticia completa en el siguiente enlace: https://eu-smartcities.eu/content/2016-call-proposals-life-action-grants-open

 

Impulsar a las pymes de los sectores de la cultura y la creación: la Comisión Europea y el FEI ponen en marcha un nuevo sistema de garantía

Sector: 

  • Cultura
  • Empresa e investigación

The European Commission and the European Investment Fund (EIF) have launched a new initiative to help SMEs in the cultural and creative sectors access credit. The €121 million which will be invested by the EU in this financial instrument until the end of 2020 is expected to leverage more than €600 million worth of bank loans over the next 6 years.

Why is it needed?

The creative and cultural sectors employ more than 7 million people in the EU and account for 4.2% of the EU's GDP (source). These sectors also drive other economic areas such as tourism; they create and inspire digital technologies and services; and they bring benefits for education, social inclusion and social innovation. However, there are many misconceptions about the economic performance of the cultural and creative sectors. Culture is often perceived as a non-economic activity.

On the contrary, the cultural and creative sectors are profitable and competitive. As a general rule, a profit margin of 5% up to 10% is considered a healthy level of profitability for service industries similar to those included in the creative and cultural sectors. Their average profit margin in the EU is 9% (source).

The cultural and creative sectors often find it difficult to get access to finance. Estimates suggest that, without taking action, the financing gap in these sectors for 2014-2020 could amount to more than €1 billion per year. The European Commission and the European Investment Fund have set up the Culture and Creative Sectors Guarantee Facility (CCS GF) to help address this situation and to enable financial intermediaries to provide debt financing to SMEs operating in these sectors. This also includes a capacity-building scheme to increase the financial intermediaries’ understanding of the cultural and creative sectors.

What are the objectives of this financial instrument? How will it work?

The guarantee facility aims to strengthen the financial capacity of the cultural and creative sectors by addressing the difficulties in accessing bank loans, and the limited spread of expertise among financial institutions in the area of financial analysis of cultural and creative SMEs and projects throughout the EU.

The guarantee facility will:

–          provide guarantees and counter-guarantees to banks dealing with cultural and creative SMEs thereby enabling them easier access to bank credits

–          provide expertise and capacity building to the financial institutions

–          increase the number of financial institutions willing to work with cultural and creative SMEs

–          maximise the European geographical diversification of financial institutions willing to work with cultural and creative SMEs

–          ensure the instrument can benefit the largest number of culture and creative sectors

The guarantee facility will be paid for from the cross-sectoral strand of Creative Europe, the European Union’s programme supporting the Culture and Creative Sectors for the 2014-2020 period and be operated by the European Investment Fund (EIF) on behalf of the European Commission.

Who can access these loans?

SMEs in the cultural and creative sectors, established and operating in EU Member States, Iceland and Norway are eligible. The facility is not accessible to other countries participating in the Creative Europe programme (candidate countries, potential candidate countries, neighbourhood countries).

They must be involved in projects or activities based on cultural values and/or artistic and other creative expressions, either market or non-market-oriented, including the development, the creation, the production, the dissemination and the preservation of goods and services which embody cultural, artistic or other creative expressions, as well as related functions such as education or management. The cultural and creative sectors include architecture, archives, libraries and museums, artistic crafts, audiovisual (including film, television, video games and multimedia), tangible and intangible cultural heritage, design, festivals, music, literature, performing arts, publishing, radio and visual arts.

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